In Article 333 of the Criminal Law in Philippines, adultery is defined as “Who are guilty of adultery. — Adultery is committed by any married woman who shall have sexual intercourse with a man not her husband．．．” The subjects in the text only refer to women. This law shows inequality in gender. Although men in Philippines are convict of a related act of concubinage, the word “adultery” should not refer to specific sex. Everyone is likely to engage in adultery. And also, “in some Islam countries where the law prohibits adultery for men as well as women, men are permitted to take more than one wife and also to enter into temporary marriages.” Here, we see the laws have defects. They provide men with privileges to avoid being punished. A man won’t be criminalized if he marries to his mistress in time before being found he has committed adultery.
In Pakistan, “the Hudood Ordinance requires a woman making an accusation of rape to provide extremely strong evidence to avoid being charged with adultery herself.” However, this unreasonable request does brutal violence on women since “a conviction for rape is only possible with evidence from no fewer than four witnesses.” Moreover, “honor killings” exist legally in Jordan. In Article 340 of the Penal Code of Jordan states that “he who discovers his wife or one of his female relatives committing adultery and kills, wounds, or injures one of them, is exempted from any penalty." That means men can kill or injure women only for maintaining their dignity and reputations. Life is the basic human rights, but it works differently in Jordan: honor is the priority.
In Europe, there is no country criminalizing adultery. And in United States, adultery is still a criminal offense in 22 states out of 50. These developed countries value human rights, which shows their respect for individuals. In the meantime, they also display their vision. Laws are made to keep social order instead of creating problems and arousing controversy. And, they clearly have known that “decriminalizing adultery eliminates discrimination and violence against women.”
Frances Raday. ( 2012, November 2). Decriminalizing adultery: Eliminating discrimination and violence against women. Oxford Human Rights Hub
Retrieved from: http://ohrh.law.ox.ac.uk/?p=475
Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adultery#Honor_killings
Criminal law (Philippines).
Retrieved from: http://criminallawphilippines.wordpress.com/2010/03/16/c1-adultery-concubinage-art-333-334/